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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Wild Parsnip - Berula erecta

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Native Species

Global Rank: G4G5
State Rank: SNR
C-value: 7

Agency Status


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General Description
Glabrous, fibrous-rooted, sometimes stoloniferous, aquatic perennial. Stems erect to prostrate, flaccid, 10–50 cm. Leaves once-pinnate with 7 to 21 lanceolate to ovate, serrate to lobed leaflets 1–5 cm long; leaflets of upper leaves narrower. Umbels compound, axillary and terminal; rays 1–2 cm long; involucral and involucel bracts lance-linear, serrate 2–9 mm long. Flowers white; stylopodium low-conic; petals ca. 0.5 mm long. Mericarps hemispheric, 1–2 mm long, glabrous; ribs inconspicuous; oil tubes many in the intervals (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety incisa (Torr.) Cronquist.

Species Range

Range Comments
Throughout temperate North America, Europe (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 17

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Slow-moving water of springs, streams, marshes; valleys (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Gillespie, D.M. 1966. Population studies of four species of mollusks in the Madison River, Yellowstone National Park. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 43 p.
    • Horpestad, A.A. 1969. Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of aquatic macrophytes in parts of the Madison, Firehole and Gibbon Rivers. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 88 p.
    • Rasmussen, S.M. 1968. Composition and structure of macrophyte vegetation of the Firehole River, Yellowstone National Park as related to physical and chemical factors. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 44 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Wild Parsnip"
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Citation for data on this website:
Wild Parsnip — Berula erecta.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from