Santa Rita Ambersnail - Succinea grosvenori
Succinea lineata, Succinea mooresiana
Shell is oblong-ovate (succineiform), to about 15 mm in length and 9 mm diameter, thin, surface with numerous fine striae, about 3 1/2 to 4 whorls with a short spire. Shell coloration is translucent to opaque pale yellowish to whitish. Aperture is oblique and ovate, somewhat inflated, about 3/5 the shell length (Hendricks 2012). Internal anatomy is described by Pilsbry (1948).
The Succineidae is a most difficult family, with no sure way of distinguishing genera, let alone species, from shell characteristics. In general, Catinella have shorter shells with a rounder aperture and relatively higher spire. Succinea are larger-shelled with more ovate apertures and swelling around the genital opening behind the right tenticle. Oxyloma are similar in size to Succinea but are narrower (larger ratio of height to width), with longer, narrower, ovate apertures (Burke 2013). Specific determination requires the aid of an expert.
Eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, including Utah and Arizona. In Montana, reported east of the Continental Divide from two counties: Roosevelt, Wibaux. Elevation range is 610 to 823 m (2000 to 2700 ft). Range and abundance in Montana poorly defined; current status needs investigation (Hendricks 2012).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Prairie riparian wetlands, near rivers, streams, seeps, sometimes drier habitat with sparse vegetation but where ground remains damp. Habitat in Montana poorly documented (Hendricks 2012).
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Hendricks, P. 2012. A Guide to the Land Snails and Slugs of Montana. A report to the U.S. Forest Service - Region 1. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. vii + 187 pp. plus appendices.
- Pilsbry, H.A. 1948. Land Mollusca of North America (north of Mexico), Volume II Part 2. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Monograph Number 2(2): 521-1113.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Beetle, D.E. 1989. Checklist of recent Mollusca of Wyoming, U.S.A. The Great Basin Naturalist 49(4):637-645.
- Squyer, H. 1894. List of shells from the vicinity of Mingusville, Montana. The Nautilus 8:63-65.
- Additional Sources of Information Related to "Snails / Slugs"