Common Forestfly - Zapada cinctipes
This is the most common genus of the family Nemouridae in the Rocky Mountains. Zapada species are found in almost every flowing water habitat in the northern Rocky Mountains and Z. cinctipes is the most vagile species in the whole group
The genus is distinguished by the presence of two pairs of cervical gills, one on the inside and one on the outside of the lateral cervical sclerites
Zapada species are abundant in accumulations of leaf material and probably act as shredders of allochthonous material in heterotrophic lotic ecosystems.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Merritt and Cummins (1996) report that members of this family are trophically shredder-detritivores; eating large particulate organic materials such as detritus, leaves and plants.
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Cummins, K.W. and R.W. Merritt. 1996. Ecology and distribution of aquatic insects. Chapter 6, pages 74-86 in R.W. Merritt and K.W. Cummins (eds.) An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. Third Edition. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa. 862 pp.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Burns, D.C. 1973. Plecoptera of the West Fork of the West Gallatin River and factors influencing their distribution. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 71 p.
- Garrett, P.A. 1973. The distribution and abundance of aquatic insects in the Middle West Gallatin drainage. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 60 p.
- Gustafson, D. L. 1990. Ecology of aquatic insects in the Gallatin River drainage. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 194 p.
- Novak, M.A. 1988. Impacts of a fire-flood event on physical and biological characteristics of a small mountain stream. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 98 p.
- Richards, D.C. 1996. The use of aquatic macroinvertebrates as water quality indicators in mountain streams in Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 192 p.
- Stadnyk, L. 1971. Factors affecting the distribution of Stoneflies in the Yellowstone River, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 36 p.
- Wells, E.A. 1986. Alpine limnology of selected water bodies on the Beartooth Plateau, Montana, with emphasis on benthos. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 401 p.
- Additional Sources of Information Related to "Insects"