Wheat Stem Sawfly - Cephus cinctus
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One of the most serious insect pests of wheat across the northern Great Plains in North America (Beres et al. 2011). Genetic distance between C. cinctus from across the northern Great Plains of North America and C. hyalinatus in Asia is most supportive of a hypothesis of a native North American origin for C. cinctus (Lesieur et al. 2016). Across the Great Plains of North America, a phylogeographic analysis of mitochondrial markers and satellites from individuals identified morphologically as C. cinctus found a putative new undescribed species in western Montana and three haploptype groups consisting of: (1) a mountain cluster in southwest Montana and eastern Idaho; (2) a southern cluster ranging from south of Fort Peck Reservoir down to eastern Colorado; and (3) a northern cluster ranging from south central Montana up to and across the plains of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba (Lesieur et al. 2016).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
For information and resources on plant pests and diseases see the USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's Plant Pests and Diseases Profiles
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Beres, B.L., L.M. Dosdall, D.K. Weaver, H.A. Carcamo, and D.M. Spaner. 2011. Biology and integrated management of wheat stem sawfly and the need for continuing research. The Canadian Entomologist 143(2):105-125.
- Lesieur, V., J-F. Martin, D.K. Weaver, K.A. Hoelmer, D.R. Smith, W.L. Morrill, N. Kadiri, F.B. Peairs, D.M. Cockrell, T.L. Randolph, D.K. Waters, and M-C. Bon. 2016. Phylogeography of the Wheat Stem Sawfly, Cephus cinctus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae): Implications for Pest Management. PLoS ONE 11(12):1-19.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Biyiklioglu, S., B. Alpetekin, B.A. Akpinar, A.C. Varella, M.L. Hofland, D.K. Weaver, B. Bothner, H. Budak. 2018. A large-scale multiomics analysis of wheat stem solidness and the wheat stem sawfly feeding response, and syntenic associations in barley, Brachypodium, and rice. Functional and Integrative Genomics (2018) 18:241-259
- Church, N.S. 1953. Initiation ofpost-diapause development and reinstatement of diapause in Cephus cinctus Nort.. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 88 p.
- Goosey, H.B. 1999. In field distributions of the Wheat Stem Sawfly, (Hymenoptera: Cephidae), and evaluation of selected tactics for an integrated management program. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 83 p.
- Gress, J.C. 2014. Discovery and characterization of olfactory-related genes in the wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus, a major pest of wheat in the Northern Plains. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 223 p.
- Kreasky, J.B. 1955. Oviposition of the wheat stem sawfly (Cephus cinctus, Nort.) with special reference to some morphological characteristics of vulgare wheats. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 32 p.
- Lou, K. 1997. RAPD-PCR to detect genomic polymorphisms among geographically-dispersed populations of Cephus cinctus. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 63 p.
- Peck, G.E. 2004. Potential semiochemicals of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) induced by oviposition and feed of the Wheat Stem Sawfly, Cephus cinctus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae). M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 65 p.
- Roemhild, G.R. 1954. Morphological resistance of some of the Gramineae to the Wheat Stem Sawfly (Cephus cinctus Norton). M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 42 p.
- Runyon, J.B. 2001. Wheat Stem Sawfly parasitism in varying field sizes and tillage systems in dryland wheat in Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 75 p.
- Sun, Z. 2008. The pathogenicity of Fusarium spp. to wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae). Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 156 p.
- Varella, A.C. 2016. Genetic basis of wheat resistance to the wheat stem sawfly. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 135 p.
- Varella, A.C., D.K. Weaver, J.P. Cook, N.K. Blake, M.L. Hofland, P.F. Lamb, and L.E. Talbert. 2017. Characterization of resistance to the wheat stem sawfly in spring wheat landrace accessions from targeted geographic regions of the world. Euphytica 213(7): 1-11. DOI: 10.1007/s10681-017-1945-x.
- Waters, D.K. 2003. Blending resistant and susceptible winter wheat for Wheat Stem Sawfly (Cephus cinctus Norton) management. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State Univesity. 161 p.
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