Cedar Sculpin - Cottus schitsuumsh
Clark Fork Sculpin
(see State Rank Reason below)
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Not ranked yet, but will probably rank a S1 or S2 and become a species of conservation concern given it's presumed endemism to one watershed in western MT.
The Cedar sculpin is a new sculpin species in Montana within the old Cottus confusus group. This determination is based on recent genetic work by the USFS and MTFWP. This sculpin is a very distinct species by genetic distance, but more closely resembles the slimy sculpin. It seems restricted to the St. Regis River and some adjacent Clark Fork River tributaries of far western MT, which lends further evidence that the Northern Rocky Mountain Refugium area of this MT/ID border region contains the most endemic species of any other area in the state. Like all sculpins, this species is a benthic invertivore meaning it eats primarily aquatic insects. They occasionally eat small fish or trout eggs but this is not a large part of their diet.
This newly identified species appears to be limited to the St. Regis River and a few adjacent tributaries of the Clark Fork River in far western Montana.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
They prefer riffle and run areas of fast to moderately-flowing streams that are clear and have cobble to gravelly benthic substrates.
Like most sculpins, their diet probably includes a variety of larval aquatic organisms. A study in southwest Montana showed bottom-dwelling aquatic insects comprising 99.7% of the Rocky Mountian sculpin diet.
The species serves as a forage fish for predators, often brown or bull trout.
New species discovered in 2013.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Lemoine, M., M.K. Young, K.S. McKelvey, L. Eby, K.L. Pilgrim and M.K. Schwartz. 2014. Cottus schitsuumsh, a new species of sculpin (Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae) in the Columbia River basin, Idaho-Montana, USA. Zootaxa 3755(3):241-258.
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