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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Sabine's Gull - Xema sabini

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status


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Copyright by: The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, all rights reserved.
General Description
In North America, Sabine’s Gull breeds from the west coast of Alaska north into the high Arctic. The species is pelagic in winter and largely concentrated in the Humboldt and Benguela currents. The species is an uncommon migrant across Montana with fewer than ten observations reported in a typical year (Day et al 2001, MTNHP 2019).

For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Western Hemisphere Range


Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 152

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density


SUMMER (Feb 16 - Dec 14)
Direct Evidence of Breeding

Indirect Evidence of Breeding

No Evidence of Breeding

WINTER (Dec 15 - Feb 15)
Regularly Observed

Not Regularly Observed


(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

The main migration path is along the Pacific coast.

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Citation for data on this website:
Sabine's Gull — Xema sabini.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from