The Iceland Gull breeds in the Arctic locally along the coastal regions of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and Greenland (Sibley 2014). This species winters off the the coast of Newfoundland and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (Sibley 2014). In Montana, the Iceland Gull has had several winter records over the past 10 years (Montana Bird Distribution Committee 2012).
For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.
Direct Evidence of Breeding
Indirect Evidence of Breeding