The Black Turnstone breeds along the coast of Alaska, mainly on the central Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta (Handel and Gill 2001). This species winters along rocky shores of the Pacific Coast (Sibley 2014). In Montana, the Black Turnstone has a single recorded observation and is considered an accidental species (Montana Bird Distribution Committee 2012).
For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.
Direct Evidence of Breeding
Indirect Evidence of Breeding
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus melanopygus
and Bombus sylvicola
(Wilson et al. 2010, Koch et al. 2012, Williams et al. 2014).