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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Hudsonian Godwit - Limosa haemastica

Native Species

Global Rank: G4
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status


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Copyright by: The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, all rights reserved.
General Description
The Hudsonian Godwit is known to breed in sedge meadows and muskeg near the Arctic tree line and near major river systems or coastal flats in Alaska and Canada, but many of their breeding areas are still unknown. The species winters near coastal mudflats in South America, particularly Chile and Argentina, and migrates across the central United States and Canada. The Hudsonian Godwit is a rare migrant across Montana with fewer than three observations reported in a typical year (Walker et al. 2011, MTNHP 2019).

For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Western Hemisphere Range


Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 55

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density


SUMMER (Feb 16 - Dec 14)
Direct Evidence of Breeding

Indirect Evidence of Breeding

No Evidence of Breeding

WINTER (Dec 15 - Feb 15)
Regularly Observed

Not Regularly Observed


(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Montana is west of the main migration path.

In migration, they are found along the shores of prairie marshes.

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Citation for data on this website:
Hudsonian Godwit — Limosa haemastica.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from