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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Northern Bobwhite - Colinus virginianus

Non-native Species

Global Rank: G4G5
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status


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Copyright by: The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, all rights reserved.
General Description
Small rounded body with short neck and tail. Reddish plumage with gray and black highlights. Head white with dark crest and stripe below and behind eye.

For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.

Species Range
Introduced Not Established

Western Hemisphere Range


Range Comments
The species is not native to Montana, but has been widely transplanted. However, self-sustaining populations have not become established and it is believed that animals that continue to be observed in the wild are human released.

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 32

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density


SUMMER (Feb 16 - Dec 14)
Direct Evidence of Breeding

Indirect Evidence of Breeding

No Evidence of Breeding

WINTER (Dec 15 - Feb 15)
Regularly Observed

Not Regularly Observed


(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

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Citation for data on this website:
Northern Bobwhite — Colinus virginianus.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from