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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Rock-jasmine Wild Buckwheat - Eriogonum androsaceum

Status Under Review
Native Species

Global Rank: G4
State Rank: S3S4
(see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status


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State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Numerous collections at MONTU from Glacier NP, Teton, Pondera and Lewis & Clark Counties. Probably secure in its high-elevation habitat.

Regional endemic having a narrow range of the northern Rockies from NW Montana to SW Alberta/SE British Columbia.
General Description
Mat-forming perennial from a spreading, woody caudex. Flowering stems erect, 2–6 cm, old leaves at the base. Leaves basal, crowded; the blade narrowly oblong, 1–2 cm long, tomentose below, sparsely so above. Inflorescence a compact umbel; bracts linear; involucres tomentose, 3–5 mm long with 5 to 8 erect lobes. Flowers 3–6 mm long, light yellow, fading to orange with a tubular base ca. 1 mm long; tepals sparsely hairy, similar in shape; stamens exserted. Achene 4–6 mm long (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Diagnostic Characteristics
Similar to Eriogonum flavum, which is almost always much larger in all parts, but the very compact form named E. flavum var. polyphyllum can be equally small and mat-forming. The only diagnostic character may be the perianth base, which differs from E. flavum in having a broad base, not a stipe as thin as the pedicel.

Range Comments
SW Alberta and southeast British Columbia, south through Idaho and Montana.

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 17

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Stony, usually calcareous soil of exposed ridges, slopes; upper subalpine, alpine (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus bifarius, Bombus centralis, Bombus flavifrons, Bombus huntii, Bombus melanopygus, Bombus mixtus, Bombus ternarius, Bombus occidentalis, Bombus insularis, and Bombus flavidus (Thorp et al. 1983, Koch et al. 2012, Williams et al. 2014).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Koch, J., J. Strange, and P. Williams. 2012. Bumble bees of the western United States. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service, Pollinator Partnership. 143 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
    • Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson, and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 208 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Rock-jasmine Wild Buckwheat — Eriogonum androsaceum.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from