Pacific Mosquito Fern - Azolla filiculoides
Large Mosquito Fern, Pacific Mosquitofern
(see State Rank Reason below)
MNPS Threat Rank
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Previously and incorrectly reported as A. mexicana in Montana.
Tiny, floating, mat-forming, aquatic annual. Stems tightly branched with simple roots. Leaves emersed, alternate, overlapping, sessile with 2 ovate lobes <1 mm long; upper lobe green or red, covered with white, flake-like hairs; lower lobe smaller and floating. Sporocarps dimorphic, obovoid, apparently in lower leaf axils; megasporocarps with 1 spore < 0.5 mm long; microsporocarps ca. 0.1 mm long with numerous spores clustered in small masses bearing hooked hairs (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX)
BC to CA, AZ, NM, TX, Mexico. Collected in Ravalli County (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Douglas, G.W., D. Meidinger, and J. Pojar, editors. 2000. The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia. Volume 5. Dicotyledons (Salicaceae through Zygophyllaceae) and Pteridophytes. British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks and British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria.
- Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.