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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Cultivated Wheat - Triticum aestivum
Other Names:  Common Wheat, Bread Wheat

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 1

External Links

General Description
Cool season, annual bunchgrass. Stems 50–120 cm. Leaves: blades 5–15 mm wide, flat and lax to ascending; sheaths with overlapping margins; ligule membranous. Inflorescence 5–12 cm long, a two-sided terminal spike with short internodes; rachis continuous. Spikelets 1 per node, 10–14 mm long excluding awns, with 3 to 5 florets, glumes asymmetrically keeled, broad and blunt, often notched at the tip. Lemmas broad, also asymmetrically keeled, awned or awnless; palea well developed. Disarticulation above the glumes; unit of dispersal the fruit (Lavin in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
Escaping or planted for soil stabilization throughout all of North America, but then not long persisting (Lavin in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 11

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)


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Citation for data on this website:
Cultivated Wheat — Triticum aestivum.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from