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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Rice Cutgrass - Leersia oryzoides

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S3S4
(see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 8

External Links






State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Leersia oryzoides is widespread in the United States (FNA 2007). In Montana herbarium collections are few, though it can be common along parts of the Missouri, and is overlooked as it is often aquatic and growing in inaccessible areas or within dense stream-side vegetation. It tolerates some disturbance and disperses itself when its sticky hairs cling to passing Leersia oryzoides is widespread in the United States (FNA 2007). In Montana herbarium collections are few, though it can be common along parts of the Missouri, and is overlooked as it is often aquatic and growing in inaccessible areas or within dense stream-side vegetation. It tolerates some disturbance and disperses itself when its sticky hairs cling to passing animals.
 
General Description
Cool season, rhizomatous perennial. Stems 80–160 cm, solitary to bunched, often rooting at nodes. Leaves: blades 7–14 mm wide, flat and lax; sheaths retrorsely scabrous with overlapping margins; ligules membranous, truncate, 0.8–1 mm long. Inflorescence an open panicle 10–25 cm long. Spikelets 4–5 mm long, with one floret; glumes lacking. Lemma bristly, awnless; palea equaling lemma and tightly clasped within it. Disarticulation above the glumes; dispersal unit the floret (Lavin in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
Widespread but only locally common throughout most of North America except at extreme northern latitudes (Lavin in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 7

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal, and P. K. Holmgren. 1977. Intermountain flora: Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. Volume 6: The Monocotyledons. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 584 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • McGregor, R.L., coordinator, and T.M. Barkley, R.E. Brooks, and E.K. Schofield, eds.: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press Kansas. 1392 pp.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Britton, N. L. and A. B. Brown. 1913. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada, and the British Possessions. 2nd Edition in 3 Volumes. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons. B13BRI01PAUS.
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Citation for data on this website:
Rice Cutgrass — Leersia oryzoides.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from