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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Tufted Foxtail - Alopecurus carolinianus


Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links






 
General Description
Annual (and winter annual) bunchgrass. Stems 10–30 cm. Leaves: blades 2–4 mm wide. Inflorescence a cylindrical panicle 1–3 cm long, <5 mm in diameter. Spikelets 2.5–3 mm long; glumes silky along the keel and marginal veins. Lemmas with an awn from the base and extending 2–3 mm past tip of lemma (Lavin in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Diagnostic Characteristics
Plant annual; spikelet 2 to 2.5 mm long; panicle dense; anthers 0.5 mm long (Hitchcock 1951).

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
Throughout most of the U.S. and adjacent southwestern Canada (Lavin in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 20

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Moist disturbed areas, wet meadows and seep areas at low to moderate elevations (Lavin in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal, and P. K. Holmgren. 1977. Intermountain flora: Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. Volume 6: The Monocotyledons. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 584 pp.
    • Fryxell, P.A. 1957. Mode of reproduction of higher plants. Botanical Review 23(3): 135-233.
    • Godfrey, R.K., and J.W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States: Dicotyledons. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens. 933 pp.
    • Hitchcock, A.S. 1951. Manual of the grasses of the United States. 2nd edition revised by Agnes Chase. [Reprinted, 1971, in 2 vols., by Dover Publications, Incorporated, New York.]
    • Hough, M.Y. 1983. New Jersey wild plants. Harmony Press, Harmony, NJ. 414 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1183 pp.
    • Ridley, H.N. 1930. The dispersal of plants throughout the world. L. Reeve & Co., Ltd., Ashford, Kent, United Kingdom. 744 pp.
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Citation for data on this website:
Tufted Foxtail — Alopecurus carolinianus.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from