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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Awl-fruit Sedge - Carex stipata

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links

General Description
Densely caespitose. Stems erect, 20–80 cm. Leaves basal and cauline; blades 5–11 mm wide; upper sheaths cross-corrugate ventrally. Inflorescence of numerous sessile spikes arranged on branches of a dense, narrowly lanceolate head; lowest bract inconspicuous. Spikes 3–9 mm long, all similar, male flowers above, inconspicuous, female below. Perigynia spreading to ascending, lanceolate, convex, veiny, green to brown, 4–5 × 1–1.5 mm; the serrulate beak, 2–3 mm long; stigmas 2. Female scales hyaline-tan with a green midvein, shorter than the perigynia. Achene 2-sided, filling the base of the perigynium (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety stipata.

Species Range
Montana Range


Range Comments
Throughout Canada and U.S.; Asia (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 71

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Thickets, swamps, marshes, often around lakes, ponds, streams; valleys, montane (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).)

  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Awl-fruit Sedge — Carex stipata.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from