Lodgepole Pine - Pinus contorta
(see State Rank Reason below)
MNPS Threat Rank
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
See rank details.
- Details on Status Ranking and Review
Score0 - Large: Generally >100,000 individuals.
Score0 - Widespread species within Montana (occurs in 5% or more of the state or generally occurring in 6 or more sub-basins.) as well as outside of Montana.
Area of Occupancy
Score0 - High: Occurs in >25 Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).
Score0 - Low: Species is a generalist that occurs in a variety of habitats and/or is tolerant of disturbed or degraded habitats (C -Values of 1-4).
Score0-1 - Stable to Minor Declines:
Score0-1 - Low to Medium.
Score0 - Low Vulnerability: Species does not have any unusual or specific life history or biological attributes or limted reproductive potential which makes it susceptible to extirpation from stochastic events or other adverse impacts to its habitat and thus slow to recover.
Raw Conservation Status Score
0 to 2 total points scored out of a possible 19.
Small, slender tree to 35 m with whorled horizontal branches forming a conical crown. Bark thin, scaly, brown or gray. Leaves yellow-green, 4–8 cm long, 2 per fascicle. Seed cones ovoid but asymmetrical, 2–6 cm long. Scales tongue-shaped with a spine tip. Seeds with a conspicuous wing. Our plants are variety latifolia (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX)
In MT across western two-thirds of the state, east to Phillips and Big Horn counties; AK to CA, UT, CO, and SD (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
Do you know of a citation we're missing?
- Anderson, M.D. 2003. Pinus contorta var. latifolia. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online}. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer).
- Conway, T.M. 1982. Response of understory vegetation to varied lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) spacing intervals in Western Montana. M.S. thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman. 76 pp.
- Dale, R. G. 1930. Elk and lodgepole pine. Yellowstone Nat. Notes 7(4):21.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.
- Neuenschwander, L. F., and C. D. Armour. 1980. Succession of fuels and vegetation in mountain pine beetle-killed lodgepole pine forests. Prog. Rep., Pp. 13-14 ill K. L. McArthur, ed., Annual Research Summary, Glacier National Park, USDI National Park Service, Glacier National Park, MT. 54 pp.
- Pfister, R. D., and R. Daubenmire. 1975. Ecology of lodgepole pine. Pages 27-46 in: D. M. Baumgartner, editor. Management of Lodgepole Pine Ecosystems Symposium proceedings. Washington State University, Pullman.
- Tackle, D. 1964. Generating lodgepole pine in central Montana following clear cutting. USDA Intermountain For. and Range Exp. Sta., Ogden, Utah. 7 pp.
- Woods of the World Compact (IBM Windows), [CD-ROM]. (1994). Available: Tree Talk.