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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Hairy Valerian - Valeriana edulis

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4S5

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 7

External Links

General Description
Taprooted with a simple or branched caudex. Stems 10–50 cm. Basal leaf blades linear-oblanceolate, 7–15 cm long, entire or sometimes with 1 to 3 pairs of linear lobes. Stem leaves 1 pair or absent, nearly sessile; blades linear, 1–5 cm long with 2 to 5 pairs of linear lateral lobes. Inflorescence a glandular panicle. Flowers perfect and unisexual; corolla white, 1–3 mm long, lobes shorter than the tube. Achenes ovate, 3–4 mm long, hirsute (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
BC, MT south to Mexico, also MN, IA and ON (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 74

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist, often calcareous soil of grasslands, sagebrush steppe, meadows, stony limestone fellfields; montane to alpine (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey and J. W. Thompson. 1959. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest, Part 4. Ericaceae through Campanulaceae. University of Washington Press, Seattle and London. 510 pp.
    • McGregor, R.L., coordinator, and T.M. Barkley, R.E. Brooks, and E.K. Schofield, eds.: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press Kansas. 1392 pp.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Hairy Valerian — Valeriana edulis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from