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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Wood Valerian - Valeriana dioica

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 5

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General Description
Short-rhizomatous. Stems 10–70 cm. Basal leaves long-petiolate; blades 2–10 cm long, oblanceolate to elliptic, entire. Stem leaves short-petiolate; blades 2–8 cm long with 1 to 3 pairs of linear-lanceolate, lateral lobes and a larger terminal lobe. Inflorescence a compound, glabrous to puberulent panicle, hemispheric in flower, 1–3 cm across. Flowers perfect and female; corolla white, 2–3 mm long, lobes ca. as long as the tube. Achenes lanceolate, 4–5 mm long, glabrous, sometimes purple-spotted (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety sylvatica S.Watson.

Species Range
Montana Range

Year-round
 


Range Comments
YT to NL south to WA and WY (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 367

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Dry to moist forest, grasslands, meadows; valleys to subalpine (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Joslin, G.J. 1975. Behavior and environmental selection by Elk (Cervus canadensis nelsoni) during surrmer and fall in the First and Second Yellow Mule drainages, Madison County, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University, Bozeman. 65 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Martinka, R.R. 1970. Structural characteristics and ecological relationships of male blue grouse (Dendragapus obscurus (Say)) territories in southwestern Montana. Ph.D Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 73 p.
    • Steerey, W. F. 1979. Distribution, range use and population characteristics of Mule Deer associated with the Schafer Creek winter range, Bridger Mountains, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 119 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Wood Valerian — Valeriana dioica.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from