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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Common Hackberry - Celtis occidentalis


Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNR

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value:

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General Description
Shrubs or stunted trees to 5 m with furrowed and bumpy bark. Leaf blades lanceolate, 5–8 cm long with once-serrate margins. Flowers unisexual, radially symmetrical. Male flowers with 4 to 5 stamens in pendulous clusters. Female flowers with 4-lobed calyx. Fruit a stalked, blue-black drupe, 7–11 mm across (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Big Horn and Custer counties in MT, south through WY and CO; SK and QC in Canada south to OK, TX and GA (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Habitat
Riparian forests and other sheltered habitats; plains (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Common Hackberry — Celtis occidentalis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from