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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Common Hackberry - Celtis occidentalis

Undetermined Origin

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNR

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value:

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General Description
Shrubs or stunted trees to 5 m with furrowed and bumpy bark. Leaf blades lanceolate, 5–8 cm long with once-serrate margins. Flowers unisexual, radially symmetrical. Male flowers with 4 to 5 stamens in pendulous clusters. Female flowers with 4-lobed calyx. Fruit a stalked, blue-black drupe, 7–11 mm across (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Big Horn and Custer counties in MT, south through WY and CO; SK and QC in Canada south to OK, TX and GA (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 1

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Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Riparian forests and other sheltered habitats; plains (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Heidel, B. L. 1996. Noteworthy collections - Montana. Madrono 43(3):436-440.
    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.
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Citation for data on this website:
Common Hackberry — Celtis occidentalis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from