Entire-leaved Avens - Dryas integrifolia
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Known in Montana from the Big Snowy Mountains and possibly from the Tobacco Root Mountains, though location of this latter specimen collection is unknown and cannot be confirmed. Current population levels and trends are unknown. However, its high-elevation habitat is relatively inaccessible, and there does not appear to be any significant threats.
- Details on Status Ranking and Review
Score2-3 - Very Small to Small: Population size is imprecisely known but is believed to be <10,000 individuals.
Score1 - Peripheral, Disjunct or Sporadic Distribution in MT: Widespread species that is peripheral, disjunct or sporadically distributed within MT such that it occurs in <5% of the state (<7,500 sq. miles or the combined area of Beaverhead and Ravalli Counties) or is restricted to 4-5 sub-basins.
Area of Occupancy
Score3 - Very Low: Generally occurring in 3 or fewer Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).
Score1-2 - Moderate to High.
Score0-1 - Stable to Minor Declines:
CommentPopulation trends are unknown, though habitat appears to be stable.
Score0-1 - Low to Medium.
Score1-2 - Moderate to High Vulnerability.
Raw Conservation Status Score
8 to 13 total points scored out of a possible 19.
Entire-leaved Avens is a mat-forming shrub with prostrate stems which bear naked flower stems that reach up to 10 cm high and arise from leaf rosettes. The leaves have short stalks and lance-shaped blades that are 8-15 mm long with margins that are turned under and entire on the upper half. The upper leaf surface is glabrous, while the lower surface is densely covered with white hair, but glands are absent. The solitary, saucer-shaped, white flowers have a glandular, 5-lobbed calyx and 8-10 spreading, elliptic petals that are ca. 1 cm long. There are numerous stamens and styles. The latter become feathery and 2-4 cm long as the achenes mature.
Flowering in July.
The more common D. octopetala is similar, but the leaves have wavy margins to the tip, are broadest near mid-length, and have light brown glands mixed in with the white hair on the undersides of the leaves. Our plants may show introgression with Dryas octopetala, as they may be partially crenate-margined.
Arctic North America and Greenland, south to New Hampshire, British Columbia, Alberta, and northern Montana. Peripheral.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Stony, limestone-derived soil of exposed ridges and plateaus in the alpine zone.
Ecological Systems Associated with this Species
- Commonly Associated with these Ecological Systems
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Bamberg, S. A. 1964. Ecology of the vegetation and soils associated with calcareous parent material in the alpine region of Montana. Ph.D dissertation. University of California, Davis. 106 pp. (Diss. Abstr. 25:4370)
- Bamberg, S. A., and J. Major. 1968. Ecology of the vegetation and soils associated with calcareous parent materials in three alpine regions of Montana. Ecological Monographs 38(2):127-167.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- S.G. Aiken, M.J. Dallwitz, L.L. Consaul, C.L. McJannet, L.J. Gillespie, R.L. Boles, G.W. Argus, J.M. Gillett, P.J. Scott, R. Elven, M.C. LeBlanc, A.K. Brysting and H. Solstad (1999 onwards). Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval. Version: 29th April 2003