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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Celandine - Chelidonium majus
Other Names:  Greater Celandine, Tetterwort, Nipplewort, Swallowwort

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 1

External Links

General Description
Biennial or short-lived perennial with yellow sap, hairy below, glabrous above. Stems to 70 cm, branched. Leaves petiolate, ovate, to 25 cm long, deeply lobed with toothed margins. Inflorescence long-stalked umbels from upper leaf axils. Flowers yellow, the pedicels to 4 cm long in fruit; sepals 2, petals 4, 5–10 mm long; stamens at least12. Capsules erect, linear, glabrous, 2–8 cm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
One thriving population on the north side of Missoula. Introduced to northeast and northwest U.S. and adjacent Canada; native to Eurasia (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 3

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



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Citation for data on this website:
Celandine — Chelidonium majus.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from