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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Indian-pipe - Monotropa uniflora

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 7

External Links

General Description
Achlorophyllous, mycotrophic, firm-fleshy, perennial herb. Stems erect, to 30 cm, unbranched, waxy-white, aging to coal-black; dead stalks hardened, often persisting into the next growing season. Leaves bract-like, alternate, sessile, ovate, white. Inflorescence a solitary, terminal, nodding flower, becoming erect in fruit. Flowers hypogynous, waxy-white, 5-merous; sepals lacking; uppermost stem bracts sepaloid; petals separate, oblong-spatulate; stamens 10; ovary superior. Fruit an ovoid, 5-chambered capsule (Stickney in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
Boreal and temporate forests of North America. The Neotropical range is disjunct from the primary North American range, and includes Mexico to SW Colombia. In the Neotropics, it grows in moist forests of Pinus, Abies, and Quercus at elevations of 950-3400 m.

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 8

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist, deeply-shaded coniferous forests; valleys, montane (Stickney in Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

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Citation for data on this website:
Indian-pipe — Monotropa uniflora.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from