Search Field Guide
Advanced Search
Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Russian Olive - Elaeagnus angustifolia

Regulated Weed: Priority 3
Exotic Species (not native to Montana)

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 0

External Links






 
General Description
Large shrub or small tree to 8 m. Stems thorny; twigs silvery-mealy becoming orange-brown. Leaf blades narrowly lanceolate, 3–10 cm long, white-mealy, silvery beneath, less so above. Flowers: hypanthium tubular, 5–6 mm long, silvery; sepals deltoid, 2–4 mm long, yellow within. Fruit ovoid, 8–15 mm long, becoming green (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Unknown/Undetermined
 


Range Comments
Introduced to north-temperate N. America as a windbreak or ornamental; native to Eurasia (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 24

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Woodlands, thickets, riparian forests, moist meadows around wetlands, somewhat tolerant of saline soil; plains, valleys (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • McGregor, R.L., coordinator, and T.M. Barkley, R.E. Brooks, and E.K. Schofield, eds.: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press Kansas. 1392 pp.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Katz, G. L., and P. B. Shafroth. 2003. Biology, ecology and management of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive) in western North America. Wetlands 23:763-777.
    • Lesica, P. 2001. Natural history and invasion of Russian olive along eastern Montana rivers. Western North American Naturalist 61:1-10.
    • Lesica, P. and S. Miles. 1999. Russian olive invasion into cottonwood forests along a regulated river in north-central Montana. Canadian Journal of Botany, 77:1077-1083.
    • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.
    • Shafroth. R B.. G. T. Auble. and M. L. Scott. 1995. Germination and establishment of the native plains Cottonwood (Populits deltoides Marshall subsp. monilifera) and the exotic Russian-olive {Elaeagnvs angustifolia L.). Conservation Biology 9: 1169-1175.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Russian Olive"
  • Additional Sources of Information Related to "Dicots"
Login Logout
Citation for data on this website:
Russian Olive — Elaeagnus angustifolia.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from