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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Red Elderberry - Sambucus racemosa
Other Names:  Black Elderberry

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4S5

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

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General Description
Stems 50–200 cm. Leaflets 5 to 7, 3–12 cm long. Inflorescence a pyramidal to hemispheric panicle, 3–10 cm long. Flowers: corolla 4–5 mm across, the lobes commonly reflexed. Berry black, 3–5 mm wide (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety melanocarpa (A.Gray) McMinn

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
Circumboreal south to CA, NM, IL and GA (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 8

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Moist open forest, thickets, avalanche slopes, often along streams; valleys to subalpine (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Red Elderberry — Sambucus racemosa.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from