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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Blue Elderberry - Sambucus cerulea
Other Names:  Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea

Native Species

Global Rank: G5T5
State Rank: S4

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links

General Description
Stems 2–4 m. Leaflets 5 to 9, 5–15 cm long. Inflorescence a flat-topped, compound umbel-like cyme 8–20 cm across. Flowers: corolla 4–6 mm across. Berry blue, glaucous, 4–6 mm wide (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
BC, MT south to CA, AZ and NM (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 20

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)


  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.
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Citation for data on this website:
Blue Elderberry — Sambucus cerulea.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from