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Montana Field Guides

Alpine Smelowskia - Smelowskia calycina
Other Names:  Smelowskia americana

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value:

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General Description
Caespitose perennial from a branched caudex clothed in old leaf bases. Stems erect, simple, 3–20 cm. Leaves basal and cauline, ciliate-petiolate, 1–7 cm long, deeply pinnately lobed into narrowly oblong segments, reduced upward. Vestiture of dense simple and branched hairs. Inflorescence a raceme, bracteate below. Flowers white to pinkish; petals 4–8 mm long. Fruits 5–9 mm long, narrowly allipsoid siliques with a prominent midvein; style 0.3–0.5 mm long; seeds in 1 row per locule; pedicels ascending-erect, 4–9 mm long. Stony soil of moraine, cliffs, talus slopes, fellfields; upper subalpine to alpine. (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Montana plants are variety americana (Regel & Herder) Drury & Rollins.

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
AK to OR and CO; Asia (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 122

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Stony soil of moraine, cliffs, talus slopes, fellfields; upper subalpine to alpine (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Hawkins, P.H. 1903. The alpine flora of Montana. M.Sc. Thesis, Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 24 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Martin, S.A. 1985. Ecology of the Rock Creek bighorn sheep herd, Beartooth Mountains, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 152 p.
    • Peck, S.V. 1972. The ecology of the Rocky Mountain goat in the Spanish Peaks area of southwestern Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 54 p.
    • Simanonok, M.P., and L.A. Burkle. 2014. Partitioning interaction turnover among alpine pollination networks: Spatial temporal, and environmental patterns. Ecosphere 5(11):149.
    • Stewart, S.T. 1975. Ecology of the West Rosebud and Stillwater bighorn sheep herds, Beartooth Mountains, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 130 p.
    • Williams, K.L. 2012. Classification of the grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, forests and alpine vegetation associations of the Custer National Forest portion of the Beartooth Mountains in southcentral Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 376 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Alpine Smelowskia — Smelowskia calycina.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from