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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

White Arctic Draba - Draba fladnizensis

Species of Concern

Global Rank: G4G5
State Rank: S2?
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value:

External Links






State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Rare in Montana, where it is currently known from a few scattered alpine locations in the southern half of the state. Additional sites are likely to be documented in the future and the species does not appear to be at significant risk due to the remoteness of its habitat.
 
General Description
White Arctic Draba is a low perennial herb with 1 to a few leafless stems that are 2-6 cm high and which arise from basal leaf rosettes that, in turn, arise from the ends of a simple or branched rootcrown. The narrowly lance-shaped leaves are 15-25 mm long and have long, straight hairs on the entire margins; otherwise, they are glabrous or sparsely hairy. 3-12 stalked flowers are borne at the tops of the stems. Each flower has 4 separate sepals, 4 separate, white petals that are ca. 2-3 mm long, and 4 long and 2 short stamens. The style is less than 0.5 mm long or absent. The glabrous, narrowly egg-shaped capsules are 3-9 mm long and are borne on erect or ascending stalks.

Phenology
Flowering in July-August.

Diagnostic Characteristics
There are many similar-appearing species of draba in our area. A technical manual and hand lens or microscope are required for positive identification. Draba crassifolia is similar but has yellow flowers. Draba lonchocarpa and D. porsildii have white flowers but the leaves have branched hairs and lack the long, straight hairs on the margins.

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
Circumpolar, south in North America to British Columbia, Utah, and Colorado. Sparse.

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 3

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Rocky, open soil in the alpine zone.

Ecological Systems Associated with this Species

References
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Citation for data on this website:
White Arctic Draba — Draba fladnizensis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from