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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Yellow Rocket - Barbarea vulgaris
Other Names:  Bitter Wintercress, Garden Yellowrocket, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 1

External Links

General Description
Stems erect, 25–70 cm tall. Basal leaves 4–10 cm long, petiolate blades oblanceolate with 1 to 4 pairs of lateral lobes, the margins entire to sparsely toothed. Stem leaves becoming lobed upward. Petals 6–8 mm long. Fruits ascending, 1–4 × 1–1.5 mm, terete with a beak-like style 2–3 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
Introduced to most of U.S.; native to Europe (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 7

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist soil of disturbed meadows, roadsides, old fields; valleys (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus insularis (Thorp et al. 1983).


  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Yellow Rocket — Barbarea vulgaris.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from