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Montana Field Guides

Mediterranean Serpent-root - Scorzonera laciniata

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 0

External Links

General Description
Taprooted biennial. Stems erect or ascending, usually branched, 6–30 cm. Herbage glabrous to tomentose with milky sap. Leaves basal and cauline, petiolate to sessile above; blades 2–20 cm long, deeply pinnately divided into remote, linear-lanceolate lobes. Heads ligulate, solitary on branch tips, expanding in fruit; involucres campanulate 12–25 mm high in fruit; phyllaries lanceolate in 3 to 5 unequal series, sparsely tomentose, scarious-margined; receptacle flat, pitted, naked. Ray flowers perfect, 30 to 100, yellow; ligules 2–4 mm long. Pappus tawny, plumose, capillary bristles. Achenes fusiform, 8–17 mm long, ca. 10-nerved, glabrous (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Introduced from MT to NM, TX; native to Europe (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 22

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Vernally moist soil of wetland margins, roadsides; plains, valleys (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Cope, M.G. 1992. Distribution, habitat selection and survival of transplanted Columbian Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus columbianus) in the Tobacco Valley, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 60 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Mediterranean Serpent-root — Scorzonera laciniata.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from