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Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower - Echinacea angustifolia
Other Names:  Brauneria angustifolia

Native Species

Global Rank: G4
State Rank: S4

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links

General Description
Perennial from a branched, woody taproot. Stems erect, 15–50 cm, mostly unbranched. Herbage hirsute. Leaves basal and alternate on the stem, petiolate; blades linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, 5–15 cm long, entire. Heads solitary, radiate; involucres hemispheric, 10–15 mm high; phyllaries in 2 to 4 subequal series, ovate with spreading, acuminate tips; receptacle hemispheric with stiff, pointed, dark scales between the flowers. Ray flowers 8 to 21, sterile, light purple; ligules 1–3 cm long, reflexed. Disk flowers perfect, >100, purplish; corolla 5–7 mm long; style appendages acuminate, short-hairy. Pappus a few, short teeth. Achenes tan to brown, 4-angled-obconic, 4–5 mm long, glabrous (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range


Range Comments
SK, MB south to NM, TX and IA (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Global range is based on E. angustifolia var. angustifolia; var. strigosa is quite rare if not extinct.

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 267

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Usually sandy or stony soil of grasslands, pine woodlands; plains (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this species or genera where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus auricomus, Bombus pensylvanicus, Bombus bimaculatus, Bombus griseocollis, and Bombus impatiens (Colla and Dumesh 2010, Williams et al. 2014).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson, and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America. Princeton, NJ. Princeton University Press.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Fritzen, D.E. 1995. Ecology and behavior of Mule Deer on the Rosebud Coal Mine, Montana. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 143 p.
    • Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Seipel, T.F. 2006. Plant species diversity in the sagebrush steppe of Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 87 p.
    • Wiman, N.G. 2001. Dynamics of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) infested plant communities influenced by flea beetles in the Aphthona complex (Colepotera: Chrysomelidae). M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 148 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower — Echinacea angustifolia.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from