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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Three-lobe Beggarticks - Bidens comosa
Other Names:  Bidens tripartita

Status Under Review

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SU
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 6

External Links






State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Collections at MONTU from Phillips Co. (Lackschewitz #8624 T21N R29E S11); Garfield Co. (Lesica #8352 T21N R31E S11); Treasure Co.: (Lesica #7806 12 September 1998, common in open soil of a gravel bar at Howry's Island ca. 1/2 mi. E of Myers Bridge T6N R35E S22); Chouteau Co.: (Lesica 7546 Uncommon in moist soil of a stabilized sandbar along the Marias R below Tiber Dam T26N R9E S33 14Sept, 1997); Yellowstone Co.: (Lesica 8036 19 Sept 1999 Common in moist soil on the shore of the Bighorn River at the boat ramp just north of I-90 T5N R34E S34)

Probably more common than these few collections would suggest since eastern Montana counties are undercollected, especially with MONTU. Grows in naturally disturbed sites (gravel bars, mud flats), so may tolerate anthropogenic disturbance.
 
General Description
Threelobed Beggarticks is a coarse annual herb with erect, branched stems rising up to 1 m high. The opposite, narrowly elliptic leaves, 4-14 cm long, have serrated margins, and each has one short petiole. Foliage is glabrous. Flower heads are borne on long stalks in an open inflorescence at the top of the plant. The outer involucral bracts of each head are leafy and 2-7 cm long, while the inner bracts are thin and much smaller. Disk flowers are pale yellow, and ray flowers are lacking. The flattened, carrot-shaped seeds have 2-4 minutely barbed awns that stick to clothing.

Phenology
Flowering in late July-September.

Diagnostic Characteristics
The combination of awned seeds, rayless flowers, opposite leaves, dimorphic involucral bracts, and wetland habitat help place this plant into the genus Bidens. The species can be separated from others of the genus by its undivided leaves and lack of ray flowers. A hand lens may be necessary for positive determination.

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
Throughout much of temperate N. America (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 2

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Moist to wet soil of pond and stream margins on the plains.

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Three-lobe Beggarticks — Bidens comosa.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from