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Montana Field Guides

Smallhead Arnica - Arnica latifolia var. gracilis
Other Names:  Arnica gracilis

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNR

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value:

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General Description
Stems often in dense clumps and branching above, 10–30 cm. Leaf pairs 2–3, mostly cauline, the uppermost pair often reduced; blades ovate to ovate-lanceolate, margins irregularly serrate, apex acute; lower surface glandular, upper surface stipitate-glandular. Heads rarely only one but mostly 5 to 15. Involucres turbinate-campanulate. Phyllaries 10–16, ovate-lanceolate. Flowers yellow; rays 5–12. Achenes 4.5-7 mm long, black, hairy (hairs duplex) and stipitate-glandular. Pappus barbellate, bristles white (adapted from Wolf, 2006, Fl. N. America, Vol. 21).

Phenology
July and August.

Range Comments
BC and AB south to OR, UT, and CO (Kartesz 2009).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 2

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Dry, exposed, rocky, alpine slopes, sometimes subalpine meadows; 1200–2500 m (Wolf, 2005, in Fl. North America, Vol. 21).

Ecology
POLLINATORS
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this species or genera where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus bifarius, Bombus mixtus, and Bombus occidentalis (Mayer et al. 2000, Wilson et al. 2010).

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Mayer, D.F., E.R. Miliczky, B.F. Finnigan, and C.A. Johnson. 2000. The bee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of southeastern Washington. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 97: 25-31.
    • Wilson, J.S., L.E. Wilson, L.D. Loftis, and T. Griswold. 2010. The montane bee fauna of north central Washington, USA, with floral associations. Western North American Naturalist 70(2): 198-207.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Smallhead Arnica — Arnica latifolia var. gracilis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from