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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Hemlock Parsley - Conioselinum scopulorum


Global Rank: G4
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
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BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value:

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General Description
Hemlock Parsley is a perennial herb with simple stems which are 3-10 dm high and arise from a club-shaped taproot or cluster of fleshy roots and a simple or little-branched rootcrown. The alternate leaves are divided into 7-11 leaflets, the lower of which are divided 2-3 more times. The leaves are triangular in outline and 3-19 cm long with a 3-23 cm long petiole and a dilated sheath at the base. Ultimate leaf segments are less than 3 mm wide. The foliage is glabrous below the inflorescence. Small, white flowers occur in hemispherical clusters borne at the ends of 9-15 stalks, which are arranged in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence, or umbel; the umbel is 3-10 cm in diameter and is located at the top of the stems. Each cluster of flowers is subtended by 3-6 thread-like bracts, which comprise an involucre that is 2-8 mm long. The flattened, egg-shaped fruits are 4-6 mm long and have corky, thickened margins and a conspicuous thickening at the top at the base of the style, known as a stylopodium.

Phenology
Fruiting in July.

Diagnostic Characteristics
Species in Apiaceae are often difficult to distinguish; a hand lens or microscope and identification manual are necessary. Hemlock Parsley can be distinguished from members of the closely-related genus Ligusticum by the involucre of 3 or more bracts and by the lack of stringy old leaf bases at the summit ofthe rootcrown.

Range Comments
South-central MT to AZ and NM. Peripheral.

Habitat
Riparian forests and moist meadows in the valleys.

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Hemlock Parsley — Conioselinum scopulorum.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from