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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Common Caraway - Carum carvi
Other Names:  Wild Caraway, Caraway, Meridian Fennel, Persian Cumin

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 0

External Links

General Description
Glabrous taprooted biennial. Stems erect, 20–80 cm. Leaves basal and cauline with long, sheathing petioles; blades lanceolate in outline, 8–15 cm long, 3 to 4 times pinnately divided into short, linear segments. Umbels compound, terminal and axillary; rays unequal 1–4 cm long; involucral and involucel bracts minute or absent. Flowers white; stylopodium hemispheric; petals ca. 1 mm long. Mericarps glabrous, elliptic, slightly compressed perpendicular to the commissure, 3–4 mm long; ribs raised; oil tubes 1 per interval (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range


Range Comments
Introduced to north-temperate North America; native to Europe (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 97

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



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Citation for data on this website:
Common Caraway — Carum carvi.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from