Stump Pixie-Cup Lichen - Cladonia botrytes
Stump Soldiers, Wooden Soldiers
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
This species is common northward, but is found sporadically in Montana and east to the Black Hills and south to Colorado.
The thallus is two-parted, consisting of a foliose thallus and an erect podetium. The podetia are less than 1 cm tall, lack soredia, squamules, and definitive cups, and terminate into apothecia. The apothecia are usually present and pale brown (McCune and Geiser 2009)
. Chemistry: Medulla weakly UV+ and P- (McCune and Geiser 2009)
A widespread northern species extending southward to southern British Columbia and northwest Montana with disjuncts in Colorado and the Black Hills (McCune and Geiser 2009).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
On rotten wood; occasionally on humus-rich soil.
This species is obligate on dead wood.
Reproduces sexually by spores from the apothecium.
Threats or Limiting Factors
A reduction in dead woody debris caused by fires, timber harvesting, and other activities may limit habitat availability.