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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

A Lichen - Umbilicaria havaasii

Potential Species of Concern

Global Rank: G4
State Rank: S1
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:

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State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Known from a few locations in western Montana. Montana occurs on the eastern edge of this species range.
 
General Description
Thallus foliose, umbilicate, roundish to broadly and irregularly lobed, mostly less than 10 cm in diameter, rather fragile when dry; margins often perforate and lacerate; upper surface gray, gray brown, to blackish, partially grayish to white pruinose, especially on reticulate ridges near the umbilicus, the ridges fading radially, distinct or weak; lower surface light tan near umbilicus, dark gray brown toward the margins, with sooty black patches (from thalloconidia); sooty black rhizines often present, frequently in tufts, sometimes the tufts protruding upwards through holes in the surface; soredia and isidia lacking; apothecia rare (McCune and Geiser 2009).

Diagnostic Characteristics
U. havaasii can form fluffy colonies on rock, in contrast to the more appressed growth form of many Umbilicaria species. Up close, U. havaasii is distinctive in the combination of sooty black areas on the lower surface and subtle to distinct perforations near the lobe margins (McCune and Geiser 2009).

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
Arctic to Oregon, also occurring in the northern Rocky Mountains (McCune and Geiser 1997). Also occurs in Norway and Greenland (Thomson 1984).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 2

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
On siliceous (noncalcareous) rock.

Reproductive Characteristics
May reproduce sexually by spores from the apothecium.

Threats or Limiting Factors
None identified.

References
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Citation for data on this website:
A Lichen — Umbilicaria havaasii.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from