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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Stone Lantern Moss - Andreaea rupestris

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNR

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:

External Links

General Description
Plants: Small to large, usually in dense tufts. Red-black, blackish, or green-brown. Stems erect and irregularly branched. Rhizoids at base of plant. Central strand is absent.

Leaves: Leaves curved or secund to straight, wide-spreading to squarrose, short-lanceolate, and widest near base. Apex oblique or symmetric. Costa is absent. Margins entire.

Leaf Cells: Basal laminal cells short- to long-rectangular. Marginal cells are rounded-quadrate to short-rectangular, with thicker-walls, often pitted, and straight. Median laminal cells quadrate to short-rectangular with lumens rounded, and rectangular or irregularly stellate. Median laminal cells in 1-layer with occasional patches of 2-layers. Laminal papillae usually present, large, and whitish.

Diagnostic Characteristics
Species is highly variable and usually identified by the process of elimination. Plants identified as A. alpestris differ by having straight leaves with low papillae, but treated as a high elevation form of A. rupestris in FNAv27.

Range Comments
Greenland; Canada: AB, BC, MB, NB, NL, NT, NS, NU, ON, QC, SK, YT; USA: AK, AZ, CA, CO, GA, ID, ME, MA, MI, MN, MT, NH, NY, NC, OR, TN, VT, VA, WA, WI, WY; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America; Eurasia; Africa; Atlantic Islands; Pacific Islands; Australia; Antarctica (FNA 2014). In Montana: Flathead, Glacier, Missoula, and Ravalli Counties (Elliott 2016).

Usually in wet places on neutral to acidic boulders, cliffs, and walls. Low to moderate elevations.

Reproductive Characteristics
Autoicous. Setae are essentially absent. Capsules are erect, elliptic, and open with 4 lateral valves.

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Elliot, J.C., and A.K. Pipp. 2018. A Checklist of Montana Mosses (1880-2018). December 5. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, Montana. 73 pp.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 2014. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 28. Bryophytes: Mosses, Part 2. Oxford University Press, Inc., NY. xxi + 702 pp.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 2007. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 27. Bryophytes: Mosses, Part 1. Oxford University Press, Inc., NY. xxi + 713 pp.
    • Lawton, E. 1971. Keys for the Identification of the Mosses on the Pacific Northwest. Reprinted from 'Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest'. Published as Supplement No. 2 of the Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory. Nichinan, Miyazaki, Japan. 66 pp.
    • Lawton, E. 1971. Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Hattori Botanical Laboratory. Japan: Yamabuki-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo. 362 pages plus appendices.
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Citation for data on this website:
Stone Lantern Moss — Andreaea rupestris.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from