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Montana Animal Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Stonecat - Noturus flavus

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Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
FWP Conservation Tier: 3


 

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General Description
The stonecat is one of two native catfish species in the state. It is widespread throughout all of eastern Montana, preferring to live in cracks and crevices of rocks and logs in streams, rivers or on wave-swept shorelines of lakes. Like other catfish, it is an early-summer nest-building spawner. Stonecats seldom exceed 8-10 inches in length and thus do not provide a sport fishery. They are, however, renowned for inflicting a nasty sting on those who handle them and are unfortunate enough to be poked by the spines on their pectoral or dorsal fins.

Diagnostic Characteristics
Overall yellowish brown; back darker, underside light yellow or white. Tail is rectangluar and not forked. Adipose fin merges into the caudal peduncule and not separated like a bullhead or channel catfish

General Distribution
Montana Range



Western Hemisphere Range

 


Distribution Comments
This species is widespread throughout all of eastern Montana rivers and is expanding it's range up colder trout rivers and streams that may be warming and more suitable for colonization (Madison, Smith, Missouri Rivers)

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 2053

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Records associated with a range of dates are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Swift-water areas of streams among rocks or under logs; also lakes over sand and gravel bottom where there is wave action. Found mainly in flowing water over rocky substrates in lower Yellowstone River drainage study. Also found in riffle habitat in middle Missouri River study.

Food Habits
Largely aquatic insects and small fish. Known to eat spawn of other fishes.

Ecology
Probably an important benthic insect eater in large rivers and may be a prey fish for noturnal predators such as walleye and sauger, or large brown trout in cool water systems.

Reproductive Characteristics
Spawns June - Aug. in moderate current. Incubation: 1 - 2 weeks. Young guarded by parents. Spawning peaks late June.

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Stonecat — Noturus flavus.  Montana Field Guide.  Montana Natural Heritage Program and Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.  Retrieved on September 23, 2014, from http://FieldGuide.mt.gov/speciesDetail.aspx?elcode=AFCKA02070
 
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