Species sexually dimorphic in size and plumage. Males have black head, upper mantle, wings and tail, with the rest of upper body orange; slim white stripe along wing. Females sometimes have dark olive-colored upper mantle and head, along with a paler tail and smaller size.
For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.
Western Hemisphere Range
Species found in open woodlands, woodland margins, hedgerows and urban parks. Winters in woodlands and hedges.
In summer and breeding months, diet consists of catepillars, fruits, insects and spiders. During the winter, diet consists mainly of nectar, small fruit and insects.
Clutch consists of 4 to 5 eggs incubated for 12 to 14 days. Nests built in conifer trees, attached at rim of drooping branches; made of plant fiber, grass and sometimes animal hair.