Bill pink; upperparts mostly brown, back and scapulars streaked with black; underparts mostly white. Adults in breeding plumage have black hood covering nape, crown, lores, throat, and center of upper breast; contrasts with gray face.
For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.
Western Hemisphere Range
eBird Occurrence Map
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The main fall migration is from late September to early October.
Frequents streams, hedgerows, shelterbelts, and brushy ravines dominated by deciduous trees and shrubs.
Diet consists of seeds, fruits, arthropods, and young conifer needles.
Single brooded species with 4 to 5 eggs per brood. Incubation period 13 to 14 days.