Long, black legs with long, decurved bill. Black belly, rufous cap, and bright rufous brown back. Few differences in plummage in sexes. Males have darker bellies and grayer faces, while females are bigger in size.
For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.
Western Hemisphere Range
The species is primarily a coastal migrant in the western U.S.
Migrant birds are usually seen on mud flats or sandy beaches (Johnsgard 1986).
Diet consists of all varieties of invertebrates with the occasional plant material and small fish.
Single or double brooded species with four eggs per brood. Incubation period 21 to 22 days. Young able to fly 19 to 21 days after hatch.