Search Field Guide
Advanced Search
MT Gov Logo
Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Showy Townsend-daisy - Townsendia florifer
Other Names:  Townsendia florifera

Species of Concern
Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S2
(see State Rank Reason below)
State Threat Score: No Known Threats

Agency Status


External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Known in Montana from only a few, small occurrences in the southwestern corner of the state.
  • Details on Status Ranking and Review
    Showy Townsend-daisy (Townsendia florifer) Conservation Status Review
    Review Date = 06/07/2012
    View State Conservation Rank Criteria
    Population Size

    Score3 - Vey Small: Generally <2,000 individuals.

    Range Extent

    Score3 - Local Endemic or Very Small Montana Range: Generally restricted to an area <10,000 sq. miles (equivalent to the combined area of Phillips and Valley Counties) or <6 Sub-basins (4th code watersheds) Range-wide OR limited to one Sub-basin in Montana

    Area of Occupancy

    Score3 - Very Low: Generally occurring in 3 or fewer Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).

    Environmental Specificity

    Score0-1 - Low to Moderate.


    ScoreNA - Rank factor not assessed.

    CommentTrends are unknown.


    Score0-1 - Low to Medium.

    Intrinsic Vulnerability

    Score0-1 - Low to Moderate Vulnerability.

    Raw Conservation Status Score

    Score 9 to 12 total points scored out of a possible 16 (Rarity factors and threats only).

General Description
Showy Townsendia is an annual to short-lived perennial herb with 1 to several ascending stems that are 5-15 cm high and arising from a simple taproot. Leaves are spoon-shaped, 2-6 cm long at the base, and reduced upward. Foliage is sparsely to densely covered with short, appressed hairs. 1 to a few stalked flower heads are borne at the tips of the stems. Each head has 3-4 series of narrow, overlapping, green or purple involucral bracts that are 7-10 mm long, 13-34 pink ray flowers that are 7-12 mm long, and yellow disk corollas that are 3-6 mm long. The hairy achenes are topped by straight, stiff bristles that are 1-6 mm long in ray flowers and 3-8 mm long in disk flowers.

Flowering in June.

Diagnostic Characteristics
Most of our species of Townsendia are low, nearly stemless plants. The only other species with stems greater than 5 cm long is T. parryi, which has blue to lavendar rays and involucral bracts that are 9-16 mm long.

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
WA to MT to NV, UT and WY. Known from Beaverhead County (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 5

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Open soil on flats and eroding slopes of grassland and sagebrush steppe in the foothill zone.
Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see

Threats or Limiting Factors
Threat impact not assigned because threats are not known (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Beaman, J.H. 1957. The Systematics and Evolution of Townsendia (Compositae). Contributions From the Gray Herbarium CLXXXIII: 1-151.
    • Lesica, P. and J. Vanderhorst. 1995. Sensitive plant survey of the Sage Creek area, Beaverhead County, Montana, Dillon Resource Area, Bureau of Land Management. Unpublished report to the Bureau of Land Management. Montana Natural Heritage Program. 36 pp. plus appendices.
    • Lesica, P., K. Lackschewitz, J. Pierce, S. Gregory and M. O'Brien. 1986. Noteworthy collections: Montana. Madrono 33:310-312.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
    • Quire, R.L. 2013. The sagebrush steppe of Montana and southeastern Idaho shows evidence of high native plant diversity, stability, and resistance to the detrimental effects of nonnative plant species. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 124 p.
    • Vanderhorst, J., B.L. Heidel, J. Pierce, and S.V. Cooper. 1997. Botanical survey of the Ruby Range, Madison County, Montana. Unpublished report to the Bureau of Land Management Dillon Resource Area. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. 47. pp. plus appendices.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Showy Townsend-daisy"
Login Logout
Citation for data on this website:
Showy Townsend-daisy — Townsendia florifer.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from