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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Swamp Sparrow - Melospiza georgiana

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4M

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
The Swamp Sparrow breeds from the Northwest Territories and eastern British Columbia east to Newfoundland and south to Nebraska, Iowa, the Great Lakes states, West Virginia, and Maryland. The species winters in the southeastern United States from New England and the Great Lake states south to Texas, Mexico and Northern Florida. The Swamp Sparrow is an uncommon migrant across Montana with three or fewer observations reported in a typical year (Mowbray 1997, MTNHP 2019).

For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Western Hemisphere Range


Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 170

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density


SUMMER (Feb 16 - Dec 14)
Direct Evidence of Breeding

Indirect Evidence of Breeding

No Evidence of Breeding

WINTER (Dec 15 - Feb 15)
Regularly Observed

Not Regularly Observed


(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

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Citation for data on this website:
Swamp Sparrow — Melospiza georgiana.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from