The Vermilion Flycatcher breeds in southeastern California, southern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and west-central Texas (Sibley 2014). This species is a year-round resident throughout all but the northernmost portion of its breeding range (Ellison et al. 2009). In Montana, the Vermilion Flycatcher has a single historic winter record (Montana Bird Distribution Committee 2012).
For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.
Direct Evidence of Breeding
Indirect Evidence of Breeding