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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Band-tailed Pigeon - Patagioenas fasciata

Native Species

Global Rank: G4
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status


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Copyright by: The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, all rights reserved.
General Description
Head purple-gray; remaining upperparts varying shades of gray to brownish gray (sometimes glossed with bronze); rump and wing-coverts (edged whitish) slightly paler. Underparts paler against upperparts. Tail dark gray at base and pale gray to gray-brown on distal half, these areas divided by a dark band.

For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.

Species Range
Rare Migrant

Western Hemisphere Range


Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 29

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density


SUMMER (Feb 16 - Dec 14)
Direct Evidence of Breeding

Indirect Evidence of Breeding

No Evidence of Breeding

WINTER (Dec 15 - Feb 15)
Regularly Observed

Not Regularly Observed


(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Montane forests or mixed-species forests with predominantly oak and pine.

Food Habits
Diet consists of mainly grain seeds, fruit, acorns and pine nuts.

Reproductive Characteristics
Breeding occurs in oak forests and woodland. Two, occasionally three broods per year. One egg per brood, with incubation lasting 18 to 20 days.

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Citation for data on this website:
Band-tailed Pigeon — Patagioenas fasciata.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from