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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Red-throated Loon - Gavia stellata

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
The Red-throated Loon breeds in the Canadian Arctic and Alaska and overwinters along the northeastern U.S. coast and the west coast of the U.S. up through Canada and the Aleutian Islands. It is an accidental spring and fall migrant in Montana (Montana Bird Distribution Committee 2012, Sibley 2014).

For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.

Species Range
Uncommon Migrant

Western Hemisphere Range


Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 45

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density


SUMMER (Feb 16 - Dec 14)
Direct Evidence of Breeding

Indirect Evidence of Breeding

No Evidence of Breeding

WINTER (Dec 15 - Feb 15)
Regularly Observed

Not Regularly Observed


(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

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Citation for data on this website:
Red-throated Loon — Gavia stellata.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from