Small-winged Sedge - Carex stenoptila
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
A globally rare species, which is known from several widely scattered locations in Montana. Very little data are available for the species in Montana, as the sites are known only from specimen collections with sparse information.
- Details on Status Ranking and Review
Score2 - Small: Generally 2,000-10,000 individuals.
CommentEstimated. Population levels are undocumented.
Score2 - Regional or State Endemic or Small Montana Range: Generally restricted to an area <100,000 sq. miles (equivalent to 2/3 the size of Montana or less) or Montana contributes 50% or more of the species’ range or populations OR limited to 2-3 Sub-basins in Montana.
CommentRegional endemic of southern Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and Utah.
Area of Occupancy
Score1-2 - Low to Moderate. Occurs in 4-25 Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s), though the species' distribution is not sufficiently documented to place it within one class.
CommentAdditional populations likely exist and the species is probably under-collected and over-looked.
Score1 - Moderate: Species is restricted to a specific habitat that is more widely distributed or to several restricted habitats and is typically dependent upon relatively unaltered, good-quality habitat (C Values of 5-7).
CommentHabitat does not appear to be especially unique or rare.
Score0-1 - Stable to Minor Declines:
CommentTrends unknown, though populations are likely stable or experiencing only minor declines.
Score0-1 - Low to Medium.
CommentPopulations are generally in more remote locations and in habitats that typically are not subject to heavy human use. Most documented occurrences are from trailsides though this is likely a result of opportunistic collections being made rather than it being representative of its true distrubition across the landscape.
Score0-1 - Low to Moderate Vulnerability.
Raw Conservation Status Score
6 to 10 total points scored out of a possible 19.
Small-winged Sedge forms clumps with stems that are 2-8 dm high and which arise from short rhizomes. The few leaves, 1-4 mm wide, are flat and clustered near the base. Flowers are clustered in 7-10 spikes aggregated into a tight head at the top of the stem. The female perigynia occupy most of the spike, with only a few inconspicuous male flowers (recognized by old stamens) at the base. The light brown perigynia are narrowly lance-shaped and 4-5 mm long, with a gently tapered tip that is entire-margined, deeply cleft, and round in cross-section at the tip. There are 5-7 nerves on the convex outer face of the perigynia. The dark to pale brown scales are smaller than the perigynia that they subtend. There are 2 stigmas. The seed is lens-shaped and fills the body of the perigynium.
Fruiting in July-August.
Carex stenoptila belongs to a large group of very similar sedge species. A technical manual and hand lens or microscope will be needed for positive identification. In the more common Carex microptera, the seed does not fill the flattened perigynia. Carex phaecocephala has scales as long as the perigynia. Carex macloviana, C. multicostata, and C. pacystachya have more egg-shaped perigynia.
MT, WY, UT and CO (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Dry, often rocky soil of open forests and moist soil along streams. Montane and subalpine.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Hermann, F. J. 1970. Manual of the Carices of the Rocky Mountains and Colorado Basin. Agricultural Handbook No. 374. USDA Forest Service. 397 pp.
- Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.