Many-ribbed Sedge - Carex multicostata
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
A rare species in Montana, scattered in the mountains of the southwest and south-central portions of the state. Very little data are available for the species in Montana. However, the potential for negative impacts to the popoulations appears to be low.
Cespitose or with very short rhizomes; stems 15-70 cm tall. Laves on lower quarter of stems, the lower ones bladeless or nearly so, the upper ones with blades 2-4 mm wide. Lowest bract lacking or shorter than the inflorescence. Inflorescence 1.5-4 cm long, 14-20 mm wide, spikes congested. Spikes 5-10, gynaecandrous, 6-10 mm long, sessile; pistillate scales subequal to the length and width of perigynia or somewhat shorter, light reddish brown or brown and with a pale 3-nerved midstripe and hyaline margins 0.1-0.3 mm wide; perigynia 4.5-6.2 mm long, narrowly to broaldy ovate, plano-convex, obscurely to conspicuously multi-nerved on both sides or nervless or few-nerved ventrally, winged and serrulate, tapering to a prominent slender or more or less flattened beak, this margined and serrulate to near the apex or terete and entire for up to 0.6(-1.0) mm; stigmas 2; achenes lenticular (adapted from: Welsh et al. 1993, A Utah Flora, 2nd ed.).
Flowering and fruiting in July.
Many species resemble C. mutlicostata. The relatively long perigynium with its 10 or more distinct outer nerves are distinguishing characters among related species. It differs from the more common C. phaeocephala by its relatively wider leaves greater than 2 mm. A hand lens or microscope and technical key are essential for separating the many Carex species.
BC to MT, south to CA, NV and UT (Kartesz in prep. 2012).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Grasslands and meadows in the montane and subalpine zones.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Hermann, F. J. 1970. Manual of the Carices of the Rocky Mountains and Colorado Basin. Agricultural Handbook No. 374. USDA Forest Service. 397 pp.
- Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Mathews, S.Y. 1989. Sensitive plant surveys, 1989: U.S. Forest Service, Region 1, Gallatin National Forest, Montana. Unpublished report to the USDA Forest Service, Gallatin National Forest, Bozeman, Montana. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. 85 pp.
- Poole, J.M. and B.L. Heidel. 1993. Sensitive plant surveys in the Big Belt and Elkhorn Mountains, Helena National Forest, Montana. Unpublished report to the Helena National Forest. Montana Natural Heritage Program. Helena, MT. 129 pp. plus printouts, maps.