Rocky Mountain Duskysnail - Colligyrus greggi
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Due to this restricted distribution and few known occurrences, this species has been placed on the MT Species of Concern list as S1, critically imperiled and extremely vulnerable to extirpation in the state. Only a few occurrences known despite extensive sampling in its preferred habitats in the past few years; restrictive spring-influenced habitats.
A very small, cold-water Hydrobiid snail restricted to cold freshwater streams and springs. Both known localities for this species in Utah are rheocrenes, springs flowing from the ground as streams. The Montana sites are small forested streams with extensive groundwater/spring inputs.
This is a small, moderately high conic snail (Frest and Johannes 1995) and is the only Hydrobiid in the western cold water streams in Montana.
Limited to far western and southwestern MT. Known from western Montana, southeastern Idaho, and western Wyoming in the Snake River, Bear River, and Clark Fork River drainages (Frest and Johannes 1995). This is similar to Burch's (1989) assessment of Cliff Creed Canyon, 30 miles south of Jackson, Wyoming (Snake River drainage), and western Montana and southeastern Idaho.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Inhabits cold freshwater streams and springs. Both known localities for this species in Utah are rheocrenes, springs flowing from the ground as streams. The temperature at one of the springs was 5 C. At the other locality, the temperature was 8 C and the conductivity was 290 micromhos/cm (Hershler 1999). The reported streams in Montana are cold (8-12 C), forested, 2-3m wetted width, and moderate gradient sites in the Pacific refugium part of the state.
Like most Hydrobiid snails, they are likely scrapers and eaters of algae and diatoms.
Colligyrus greggi are cold water stenotherms and do not tolerate warm water temperatures (greater than 12 degrees C as the maximum annual temperature).
This species is quite rare in WY and MT, but may be relatively more common in southeastern ID. Other factors include loss of historic sites, specialized habitat, modification and loss of that habitat, and occurrence on public lands (Frest and Johannes 1995).
Threats or Limiting Factors
Threats to this species would be the increasing water temperatures brought on by forest harvesting too close to the riparian areas of the streams they inhabit. Many occupied sites are threatened at the local level by agricultural run-off, small dams, and campgrounds (Frest and Johannes 1995).
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Burch, J.B. 1989. North American freshwater snails. Malacological Publications: Hamburg, Michigan. 365 pp.
- Frest, T.J. and E.J. Johannes. 1995. Interior Columbia Basin mollusk species of special concern. Final report to the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project, Walla Walla, WA. Contract #43-0E00-4-9112. 274 pp. plus appendices.
- Hershler, R. 1999. A systematic review of the Hydrobiid snails (Gastropoda: Rissooidea) of the Great Basin, western United States. Part II. Genera Colligyrus, Eremopyrgus, Fluminicola, Pristinicola, and Tryonia. The Veliger 42(4): 306.
- Additional Sources of Information Related to "Snails / Slugs"